Data release for ecosystem service flows from a migratory species: spatial subsidies of the northern pintail

  • Kenneth J. Bagstad (Creator)
  • Darius Semmens (Creator)
  • Brady J. Mattsson (Creator)
  • James A. Dubovsky (Creator)
  • Wayne E. Thogmartin (Creator)
  • Ruscena Wiederholt (Creator)
  • John B. Loomis (Creator)
  • Joanna A. Bieri (Creator)
  • Christine Sample (Creator)
  • Joshua H. Goldstein (Creator)
  • Laura Lopez Hoffman (Contributor)



Migratory species provide important benefits to society, but their cross-border conservation poses serious challenges. By quantifying the economic value of ecosystem services (ES) provided across a species range and ecological data on a species habitat dependence, we estimate spatial subsidieshow different regions support ES provided by a species across its range. We illustrate this method for migratory Northern Pintail ducks in North America. Pintails support over $101 million annually in recreational hunting and viewing and subsistence hunting in the U.S. and Canada. Pintail breeding regions provide nearly $30 million in subsidies to wintering regions, with the Prairie Pothole region supplying over $24 million in annual benefits to other regions. This information can be used to inform conservation funding allocation among migratory regions and nations on which the pintail depends. We thus illustrate a transferrable method to quantify migratory species-derived ES and provide information to aid in their transboundary conservation.
Date made available2018
PublisherU.S. Geological Survey

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